Real Climate Change Based Energy Policy: Renewables, Efficiency AND Conservation

windmillsA new study by the German Aerospace Center, commissioned by Greenpeace and Europe's Renewable Energy Council, contends that half of the energy needs in 2050 [more] could be met by renewable energy and energy efficiency gains. It is estimated that alternative energy sources including wind and solar could provide nearly 70% of the world's electricity. They state there would be no need for nuclear nor coal energy, though biofuels would be intensified under this scenario. The report entitled Energy [R]evolution: a sustainable world energy outlook seeks to provide a”roadmap” for meeting future energy needs without fuelling climate change. My primary concern (other than severe doubts about the environmental gains from industrial biofuels expressed on many occasions with the approach taken is the failure to factor in conservation, or willfully using less energy. No one seems willing to say truthfully that addressing climate change through limiting energy use to clean, green sources is going to mean purposefully sacrificing on some luxuries. Who will tell the developed world that their lifestyle is not sustainable? Indications are that people ARE willing to sacrifice for the environment. This is different than efficiency, a factor of technology and mechanics, it is an ethic of shared voluntary simplicity as a societal duty. I do agree with the report's conclusion that an apparent lack of political consensus on the best way to proceed, along with I would add a dearth of leaders with the requesite knowledge and vision, are the biggest hindrances to energy policy that keeps the lights on without frying the Planet.

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12 Responses

  1. Andreas Kay says:

    Each square kilometre of desert receives sunlight equivalent to 1,500,000 barrels of oil annually, corresponding to a layer of oil 9 inch deep. Solar energy can be converted to electricity with 13 % efficiency by concentrating solar power plants (CSP) at a cost of $ 3-5 per Watt. CSP plants in California have been working reliably for 20 years and produced more electricity than all photovoltaic panels combined.
    With the amount of money spent in the “2nd oil war” (some $ 378 billion) one could trigger the construction of 300 GW of CSP plants, assuming $ 2 invested by private companies for each $ injected by the government. On a desert area of 7500 km2 (1.5% of the Great Basin) these would generate clean electricity equivalent to 3,000,000 barrels of oil per day, more than imported from the entire Persian Gulf region!
    This would not only make us independent from Iraqi oil, but also save us and our children from climate disaster and radioactive waste as long as sun shines on earth. As a valuable by-product concentrated solar power can provide desalinated water to desert regions. Last, not least the construction of millions of mirrors from glass and steel would create countless jobs e.g. in the suffering automobile industry.
    To fight global warming we need a new Apollo program, not half-hearted “Twenty in Ten” approaches as proposed by Bush!
    How mirrors can light up the world
    Wikipedia article on CSP

  2. Lord Sh1n3B0x says:

    …. our children future, think about our future because we left it to late to think about this, the earth is long overdue for a climate shift also if you check out and look for an article on the sun's solar switch which freakly is the same time lenght of ice ages…. i say no more

  3. ed s. says:

    I agree completely with the previous commentor.
    Bushs' log on environmental issues and energy policy has been less than pathetic since he stole the office in 2000.
    I remember watching the debates on Cspan when the House was “passing the 2005 energy bill.” In spite of my sent messages- the bill(s) were passed. No changes that would affect global warming or this countrys'dependance on foreign oil. Not one word was spoken about “conservation!” Just, status quo and drill our way out of this problem. With no regard to global warming an/or peak oil.
    I thought our elected officials were more intelligent than their constituents?

  4. Glenn D says:

    Dr. Barry
    8 day's from now, the U.S could experience the worst cold we have had in a decade. Most of the country will drop below 0. On December 19 the ( Gulfstream ) had a major falter and turned south for 11 day's. It was very visable on the D.E.O.S. scan's from space.Scientist's are starting to think now, that the faltering current's may be bringing much colder air down from the artic. If this is true you could be witnessing the beginning of a new little iceage. Abrupt climate change has to be taken seriously. The planet wont wait for us ,we have to act now, if it's not already too late………….

  5. Jay Draiman says:


  6. James says:

    I bought an elctrical device from a company in Texas and I've had it for a few months. It's designed to conserve the waste associated with electrical surging. It simply pl;ugs into an outlet. In real terms, as measured by kW-Hrs, I've been saving about 27%. It's something we can all contribute on, while saving money.

  7. rob beijer says:

    Reducing global heating:
    “It's something we can all contribute on, while saving money.”
    This is what it is all about, if only everybody could see.
    Well said, James

  8. Jay Draiman, Energy Consultant says:

    Energy Independence begins with Energy efficiency
    By Jay Draiman, Energy Consultant
    In order to insure energy and economic independence as well as better economic growth without being blackmailed by foreign countries, our country, the United States of America's Utilization of Energy Sources must change.
    “Energy drives our entire economy." We must protect it. “Let's face it, without energy the whole economy and economic society we have set up would come to a halt. So you want to have control over such an important resource that you need for your society and your economy.” The American way of life is not negotiable.
    Our continued dependence on fossil fuels could and will lead to catastrophic consequences.
    The federal, state and local government should implement a mandatory renewable energy installation program for residential and commercial property on new construction and remodeling projects, replacement of appliances, motors, HVAC with the use of energy efficient materials-products, mechanical systems, appliances, lighting, insulation, retrofits etc. The source of energy must be by renewable energy such as Solar-Photovoltaic, Geothermal, Wind, Biofuels, Ocean-Tidal, Hydrogen-Fuel Cell etc. This includes the utilizing of water from lakes, rivers and oceans to circulate in cooling towers to produce air conditioning and the utilization of proper landscaping to reduce energy consumption. (Sales tax on renewable energy products and energy efficiency should be reduced or eliminated)
    The implementation of mandatory renewable energy could be done on a gradual scale over the next 10 years. At the end of the 10 year period all construction and energy use in the structures throughout the United States must be 100% powered by renewable energy. (This can be done by amending building code)
    In addition, the governments must impose laws, rules and regulations whereby the utility companies must comply with a fair "NET METERING" (the buying of excess generation from the consumer at market price), including the promotion of research and production of "renewable energy technology" with various long term incentives and grants. The various foundations in existence should be used to contribute to this cause.
    A mandatory time table should also be established for the automobile industry to gradually produce an automobile powered by renewable energy. The American automobile industry is surely capable of accomplishing this task. As an inducement to buy hybrid automobiles (sales tax should be reduced or eliminated on American manufactured automobiles).
    This is a way to expedite our energy independence and economic growth. (This will also create a substantial amount of new jobs). It will take maximum effort and a relentless pursuit of the private, commercial and industrial government sectors' commitment to renewable energy -; energy generation (wind, solar, hydro, biofuels, geothermal, energy storage (fuel cells, advance batteries), energy infrastructure (management, transmission) and energy efficiency (lighting, sensors, automation, conservation) (rainwater harvesting, water conservation) (energy and natural resources conservation) in order to achieve our energy independence.
    “To succeed, you have to believe in something with such a passion that it becomes a reality.”
    Jay Draiman, Energy Consultant
    Northridge, CA. 91325
    May 31, 2007
    P.S. I have a very deep belief in America's capabilities. Within the next 10 years we can accomplish our energy independence, if we as a nation truly set our goals to accomplish this.
    I happen to believe that we can do it. In another crisis–the one in 1942–President Franklin D. Roosevelt said this country would build 60,000 [50,000] military aircraft. By 1943, production in that program had reached 125,000 aircraft annually. They did it then. We can do it now.
    “the way we produce and use energy must fundamentally change.”
    The American people resilience and determination to retain the way of life is unconquerable and we as a nation will succeed in this endeavor of Energy Independence.
    The Oil Companies should be required to invest a substantial percentage of their profit in renewable energy R&D and implementation. Those who do not will be panelized by the public at large by boy cutting their products.
    Solar energy is the source of all energy on the earth (excepting volcanic geothermal). Wind, wave and fossil fuels all get their energy from the sun. Fossil fuels are only a battery which will eventually run out. The sooner we can exploit all forms of Solar energy (cost effectively or not against dubiously cheap FFs) the better off we will all be. If the battery runs out first, the survivors will all be living like in the 18th century again.
    Every new home built should come with a solar package. A 1.5 kW per bedroom is a good rule of thumb. The formula 1.5 X's 5 hrs per day X's 30 days will produce about 225 kWh per bedroom monthly. This peak production period will offset 17 to 2
    4 cents per kWh with a potential of $160 per month or about $60,000 over the 30-year mortgage period for a three-bedroom home. It is economically feasible at the current energy price and the interest portion of the loan is deductible. Why not?
    Title 24 has been mandated forcing developers to build energy efficient homes. Their bull-headedness put them in that position and now they see that Title 24 works with little added cost. Solar should also be mandated and if the developer designs a home that solar is impossible to do then they should pay an equivalent mitigation fee allowing others to put solar on in place of their negligence. (Installation should be paid "performance based").
    Installation of renewable energy and its performance should be paid to the installer and manufacturer based on “performance based” (that means they are held accountable for the performance of the product – that includes the automobile industry). This will gain the trust and confidence of the end-user to proceed with such a project; it will also prove to the public that it is a viable avenue of energy conservation.
    Installing a renewable energy system on your home or business increases the value of the property and provides a marketing advantage. It also decreases our trade deficit.
    Nations of the world should unite and join together in a cohesive effort to develop and implement MANDATORY RENEWABLE ENERGY for the sake of humankind and future generations.
    The head of the U.S. government's renewable energy lab said Monday (Feb. 5) that the federal government is doing “embarrassingly few things” to foster renewable energy, leaving leadership to the states at a time of opportunity to change the nation's energy future. “I see little happening at the federal level. Much more needs to happen.” What's needed, he said, is a change of our national mind set. Instead of viewing the hurdles that still face renewable sources and setting national energy goals with those hurdles in mind, we should set ambitious national renewable energy goals and set about overcoming the hurdles to meet them. We have an opportunity, an opportunity we can take advantage of or an opportunity we can squander and let go,”
    solar energy – the direct conversion of sunlight with solar cells, either into electricity or hydrogen, faces cost hurdles independent of their intrinsic efficiency. Ways must be found to lower production costs and design better conversion and storage systems.
    Disenco Energy of the UK has announced it has reached important
    milestones leading to full commercialization, such as the completion of
    field trials for its home, micro combined heat and power plant (m-CHP).
    The company expects to begin a product roll out in the second quarter of
    Operating at over 90 percent efficiency, the m-CHP will be able to
    provide 15 kilowatts of thermal energy (about 50,000 Btu's) for heat and
    hot water and generate 3 kilowatts of electricity. The m-CHP uses a
    Stirling engine generator and would be a direct replacement for a home's
    Running on piped-in natural gas the unit would create some independence
    from the power grid, but still remain connected to the gas supply
    Whereas heat is supplied only when the generator is running (or
    conversely electricity is generated only when heat is needed) a back-up
    battery system and heavily insulated hot water storage tank seem
    eventual options for more complete energy independence.
    All government buildings, Federal, State, County, City etc. should be mandated to be energy efficient and must use renewable energy on all new structures and structures that are been remodeled/upgraded.
    “The government should serve as an example to its citizens”
    Jay Draiman, Energy Consultant
    Northridge, CA 91325

  9. Yehuda Draiman, Energy Analyst says:

    Global Warming -; Man Made or Natures Cycle R1
    By Yehuda Draiman, Energy Analyst
    The debate: Is the observed global warming natural or man made?
    Global Warming or natural climatic rhythm?
    Global Warming Man made or natural cycle?
    There are numerous pros and cons as to the cause of Global Warming.
    After some study and research I share with you the various opinions.
    This consensus in this on-line article represents the views of some researchers and forecasters, but does not necessarily represent the views of all scientists. It was not the intention of this article to discount the presence of a human-induced global warming element or to attempt to claim that such an element is not present. There is a robust, on-going discussion on climate change within the scientific community.
    One degree. On a thermometer, it doesn't seem like much at all. But that degree has sparked intense debate among experts who monitor the temperature on Earth.
    In a new report issued by a leading group of scientists and meteorologists, research shows the planet has warmed one degree during the last 100 years. That report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change asserts that Earth will continue to warm between 2 and 10 degrees during the next century.
    Those researchers believe that global warming could be boosting the planet's temperature. Global warming is a phenomenon of temperatures rising on Earth. Scientists have said that some human activities cause gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide to build up in the atmosphere. Those gases trap heat closer to Earth's surface giving the planet a worldwide fever.
    Many experts say two chemicals — carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide — are most responsible for global warming. Cars, trucks and factories around the world emit those chemicals everyday. Once in the atmosphere, those chemicals act as big reflectors, bouncing back sun rays to the Earth and warming the planet.
    But there are scientists, climatologists and weather watchers who believe that the warming trend is not an aberrant threat, but part of a natural cycle of warming and cooling on Earth. “We just haven't been around long enough to know if it's a fact,” said CNN weather anchor Orelon Sidney. “The Earth is more than 4 billion years old and humans haven't been around that long. So this could just be a part of cycle.”
    The scientists who believe the Earth is warming say years of research are needed to determine why.
    Dr. Lonnie Thompson, a researcher at the Byrd Polar Research Center located at Ohio State University, is among those attempting to discover the causes of global warming. He spends many months away from his home in search of answers.
    Thompson's latest trek to the Andes Mountains showed substantial changes in a glacier.
    “The glacier we have been studying has been melting at an unbelievable rate,” Thompson said. “Where there was once ice, there is now a lake.” Thompson photographed the new lake and glacier to show “obvious changes in our world because of temperature increase,” he said. Thompson said a warmer earth could lead to more erratic weather. “If energy in the system — the heat on the Earth's climate system –increases, then you're going to have more water vapor. More water vapor feeds more storms — larger hurricanes, maybe larger snowstorms too.”
    As a meteorology student at the University of Maryland, Antony Chen is among those who would watch for those weather changes. He is part of the next generation of researchers who will have to figure out what's behind the cause of the temperature bump.
    Chen says we have to look at the big picture then determine what changes people should make on the local level. “We need to know what's going on in the atmosphere, the magnitude of changes we are making to our climate system,” Chen said. “Then we can start coming up with solutions.”
    Professor Bruce Doddridge is one of Chen's professors and is encouraged by the caliber of young people he's seen entering the earth sciences. “I'm impressed with the variety of smart and intelligent people coming through that can do this work,” he said.
    Doddridge concedes that there are many potential causes of global warming, but said he believes the new technology could help assess and solve the problem. “The issues are becoming more complicated,” Doddridge said, “but I think the tools we have to work with are becoming more sophisticated.”
    Many experts say two chemicals — carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide — are most responsible for global warming. Cars, trucks and factories around the world emit those chemicals everyday. Once in the atmosphere, those chemicals act as big reflectors, bouncing back sun rays to the Earth and warming the planet.
    But there are scientists, climatologists and weather watchers who believe that the warming trend is not an aberrant threat, but part of a natural cycle of warming and cooling on Earth. “We just haven't been around long enough to know if it's a fact,” said CNN weather anchor Orelon Sidney. “The Earth is more than 4 billion years old and humans haven't been around that long. So this could just be a part of cycle.”
    The scientists who believe the Earth is warming say years of research are needed to determine why.
    Dr. Lonnie Thompson, a researcher at the Byrd Polar Research Center located at Ohio State University, is among those attempting to discover the causes of global warming. He spends many months away from his home in search of answers.
    1. The authors of Unstoppable Global Warming – Every 1,500 Years, say that history, ice core studies and stalagmites all agree on a natural cycle at roughly that interval that is superimposed on the longer, stronger ice ages and interglacial phases.
    They point as evidence of this natural cycle to the "Climate Optimum" – a period of warmer and wetter weather than the present Earth's climate, which took place 9,000 years ago to 5,000 years ago, and a cooling event 2,600 years ago.
    During the Roman warming period from 200 BC to around AD 600 North Africa and the Sahara were wetter and supported crops. In more recent times they point to the medieval warming of 900 to 1300, when Eric the Red's descendant's colonized Greenland and the Little Ice Age of 1300 to 1850 which saw the Norse dairy farmers on Greenland grow short from malnutrition and eventually die out.
    Mr. Avery, a former US agriculture official whose celebrated earlier book was Saving the Planet with Pesticides and Plastic: The Environmental Triumph of High Yield Farming suggests that the natural cycle of warming and cooling may come from variations in cosmic rays which have been linked to cloud formation.
    This theory was validated in a recent paper in a Royal Society journal by scientists from the Danish National Space Centre who showed that sub-atomic particles – cosmic rays from exploding stars – play a major role in making clouds. During the past century cosmic rays became scarcer as vigorous activity by the sun forced them away. So there was less cloud cover to reflect away sunlight and a warmer world, according to the Danish scientists.
    2. Policymakers have been arguing for nearly a decade over what to do about global warming. Noticeably missing from this debate has been any mention of the fact that natural fluctuations in the Earth's temperature, not Man, are the likely explanation for any recent warming.
    Proponents of the global warming theory repeatedly cite a 1.5

  10. Water is the source of life – treasure it! R4.
    Water is the source of all life on earth. It touches every area of our lives. Without it, we could not thrive

  11. Utilizing all the sources into one formula.
    Often partial solutions to our problems are presented on the Internet but nobody puts the pieces together. Recently, I have focused quite a bit on the energy issue, and I have found that solutions abound, but the political will to implement them is lacking, or they appear uneconomical because they are, by themselves in fact uneconomical.
    A good example of this is wind power penetrating the grid at more than about 20%. By itself taken in isolation, with all other variables ignored; more than about 20% seems impractical because of the variability of wind. But taken with other solutions the picture is quite different.
    Our existing electrical grid is mostly an AC grid, the east and the western grids aren't substantially connected, and overall it's inefficient, unreliable, and at capacity straining to meet ever growing demands.
    If this weren't the case; if we modernized our electrical grid adding east-west ties and converting all spans longer than 300km to DC transmission, first, doing this alone would be like adding 15% additional generating capacity to the grid without any additional pollution because we could cut the losses from around 17% to around 2%. Moreover, efficient east-west transmission would allow us to distribute the peak load across the time zones requiring less peak capacity and making more efficient use of the capacity we already have, above and beyond grid losses.
    If we can utilize geographical diversity with wind generation, something only possible with the modernization of our power grid; then the total capacity available from wind power never falls below about 1/3rd of peak capacity, and then we could, if we choose, simply overbuild capacity and supply our entire electrical needs from wind alone. I'm not advocating wind alone, ideally we'd use a mixture of renewable sources, solar, geo-thermal, ocean-current, ocean-wave, tidal, ocean-thermal, various forms of hydro (there are forms that can capture energy from the movement of river water without dams), etc.
    We could generate all of our electricity by wind if we so choose simply by building 3x as much capacity as we need and modernizing the electrical grid. But there is a snag, wind, presently the least expensive method of generating electricity, less so even than coal now, would lose its attractive economics if we had to overbuild by 3x AND if there were no market for that peak power.
    Add in some other technologies, for example, we can take electricity, carbon dioxide, and water, and using one of three processes, we can make an alcohol called Butynol (Butynol is manufactured by combining the petroleum gases. isobutylene and isoprene at the extremely low temperature of 100 degree centigrade) which can directly be used as a replacement for gasoline in ordinary gasoline cars. Butynol actually has tremendous advantages over gasoline. Butynol produces only 3% of the hydrocarbon emissions, almost un-measurable carbon monoxide emissions, and greatly reduced nitrous oxides relative to gasoline. It also produces slightly better fuel mileage and power, greatly reduced acidic blow-by products (thereby enhancing engine life) and less waste heat (also enhancing engine life).
    We can make Butynol from electricity, carbon dioxide, and water by one of three methods. There exists a kind of reverse fuel cell that was recently invented that uses a catalyst in the presence of electricity to convert carbon dioxide and water to Butynol. That is one method; it's a method that from what I've read Richard Branson paid to have developed to produce Butynol as a renewable jet fuel. However, there are two other methods also that can be used, carbon dioxide can be electrolyzed into oxygen and carbon monoxide, the carbon monoxide can be mixed with steam to form “process gas”, and then in the presence of catalysts, this can be used to create a variety of useful hydrocarbons including Butynol. Lastly, electricity can be used to create sufficient heat to disassociate carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide and oxygen and then the same process that follows electrolysis can be used. The last process has been demonstrated on an industrial scale, I'm not sure if the first processes have made it out of the lab, but they have at least been demonstrated in the lab. Using the latter two processes it is also possible to make synthetic diesel.
    If use the electricity generated during times when there is excess capacity to create Butynol, we can replace imported oil used for gasoline and diesel, while at the same time providing a market for the peak electrical production, thereby allowing wind power to be economical even when capacity is overbuilt, and we create a market for the carbon dioxide generated by existing coal and gas fired plants instead of just releasing the carbon dioxide into the air. When the Butynol is burned it will release carbon dioxide, but this is displacing oil that would have been burnt, so the net result will be a reduction in carbon dioxide and if we can bring enough renewable electricity capacity online to eliminate the need for fossil fueled power generation, then we can continue to make Butynol by sequestering carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere, thus making the process a closed loop resulting in no net carbon dioxide increase.
    Any one of these elements by themselves may not be economic; but they are all mutually synergistic and implemented together they could eliminate our dependency upon foreign oil first, and later eliminate our dependency upon fossil fuels (or for that matter abiotic oil) entirely. (Abiotic – generally asserting that oil is formed from magma instead of an organic origin)
    We should be doing this, and we should not be doing it ten or fifty years from now, we should be doing it now.
    Jay Draiman said…
    Water is the source of life – treasure it! R4.
    Water is the source of all life on earth. It touches every area of our lives. Without it, we could not thrive

  12. 111 Water savings tips
    1. There are a number of ways to save water, and they all start with you.
    2. When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the other with rinse water.
    3. Evaporative coolers require a seasonal maintenance checkup. For more efficient cooling, check your evaporative cooler annually.
    4. Check your sprinkler system frequently and adjust sprinklers so only your lawn is watered and not the house, sidewalk, or street.
    5. Run your washing machine and dishwasher only when they are full and you could save 1000 gallons a month.
    6. Avoid planting turf in areas that are hard to water such as steep inclines and isolated strips along sidewalks and driveways.
    7. Install covers on pools and spas and check for leaks around your pumps.
    8. Use the garbage disposal sparingly. Compost instead and save gallons every time.
    9. Plant during the spring or fall when the watering requirements are lower.
    10. Keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator instead of running the tap for cold drinks, so that every drop goes down you not the drain.
    11. Check your water meter and bill to track your water usage.
    12. Minimize evaporation by watering during the early morning hours, when temperatures are cooler and winds are lighter.
    13. Wash your produce in the sink or a pan that is partially filled with water instead of running water from the tap.
    14. Use a layer of organic mulch around plants to reduce evaporation and save hundreds of gallons of water a year.
    15. Use a broom instead of a hose to clean your driveway or sidewalk and save 80 gallons of water every time.
    16. If your shower can fill a one-gallon bucket in less than 20 seconds, then replace it with a water-efficient showerhead.
    17. Collect the water you use for rinsing produce and reuse it to water houseplants.
    18. Divide your watering cycle into shorter periods to reduce runoff and allow for better absorption every time you water.
    19. We're more likely to notice leaky faucets indoors, but don't forget to check outdoor faucets, pipes, and hoses for leaks.
    20. Periodically check your pool for leaks if you have an automatic refilling device.
    21. Only water your lawn when needed. You can tell this by simply walking across your lawn. If you leave footprints, it's time to water.
    22. When you shop for a new appliance, consider one offering cycle and load size adjustments. They are more water and energy-efficient than older appliances.
    23. Time your shower to keep it under 5 minutes. You'll save up to 1000 gallons a month.
    24. Install low-volume toilets. Or power assist.
    25. Adjust your lawn mower to a higher setting. Longer grass shades root systems and holds soil moisture better than a closely clipped lawn.
    26. When you clean your fish tank, use the water you've drained on your plants. The water is rich in nitrogen and phosphorus, providing you with a free and effective fertilizer.
    27. Use the sprinkler for larger areas of grass. Water small patches by hand to avoid waste.
    28. Put food coloring in your toilet tank. If it seeps into the toilet bowl, you have a leak. It's easy to fix, and you can save more than 600 gallons a month.
    29. Plug the bathtub before turning the water on, then adjust the temperature as the tub fills up.
    30. Use porous materials for walkways and patios to keep water in your yard and prevent wasteful runoff.
    31. Direct downspouts and other runoff towards shrubs and trees, or collect and use for your garden.
    32. Designate one glass for your drinking water each day. This will cut down on the number of times you run your dishwasher.
    33. Water your summer lawns once every three days and your winter lawn once every five days.
    34. Install a rain shut-off device on your automatic sprinklers to eliminate unnecessary watering.
    #35. Don't use running water to thaw food.
    #36. Choose a water-efficient drip irrigation system for trees, shrubs and flowers. Watering at the roots is very effective, be careful not to over water.
    37. Grab a wrench and fix that leaky faucet. It's simple, inexpensive, and can save 140 gallons a week.
    38. Reduce the amount of grass in your yard by planting shrubs, and ground cover with rock and granite mulching.
    39. When doing laundry, match the water level to the size of the load.
    40. Teach your children to turn the faucets off tightly after each use.
    41. Remember to check your sprinkler system valves periodically for leaks and keep the heads in good shape.
    42. Before you lather up, install a low-flow showerhead. They're inexpensive, easy to install, and can save your family more than 500 gallons a week.
    43. Soak your pots and pans instead of letting the water run while you scrape them clean.
    44. Don't water your lawn on windy days. After all, sidewalks and driveways don't need water.
    45. Water your plants deeply but less frequently to create healthier and stronger landscapes.
    46. Make sure you know where your master water shut-off valve is located. This could save gallons of water and damage to your home if a pipe were to burst.
    47. When watering grass on steep slopes, use a soaker hose to prevent wasteful runoff.
    48. Group plants with the same watering needs together to get the most out of your watering time.
    49. Remember to weed your lawn and garden regularly. Weeds compete with other plants for nutrients, light, and water.
    50. While fertilizers promote plant growth, they also increase water consumption. Apply the minimum amount of fertilizer needed.
    51. Avoid installing ornamental water features and fountains that spray water into the air. Trickling or cascading fountains lose less water to evaporation.
    52. Use a commercial car wash that recycles water.
    53. Don't buy recreational water toys that require a constant flow of water.
    54. Turn off the water while you brush your teeth and save 4 gallons a minute. That's 200 gallons a week for a family of four.
    55. Buy a rain gauge to track how much rain or irrigation your yard receives. Check with your local water agency to see how much rain is needed to skip an irrigation cycle.
    56. Encourage your school system and local government to help develop and promote a water conservation ethic among children and adults.
    57. Teach your family how to shut off your automatic watering systems. Turn sprinklers off if the system is malfunctioning or when a storm is approaching.
    58. Set a kitchen timer when watering your lawn or garden with a hose.
    59. Make sure your toilet flapper doesn't stick open after flushing.
    60. Make sure there are aerators on all of your faucets.
    61. Next time you add or replace a flower or shrub, choose a low water use plant for year-round landscape color and save up to 550 gallons each year.
    62. Install an instant water heater on your kitchen sink so you don't have to let the water run while it heats up. This will also reduce heating costs for your household.
    63. Use a grease pencil to mark the water level of your pool at the skimmer. Check the mark 24 hours later. Your pool should lose no more than 1/4 inch each day.
    64. Cut back on rinsing if your dishwasher is new. Newer models clean more thoroughly than older ones.
    65. Use a screwdriver as a soil probe to test soil moisture. If it goes in easily, don't water. Proper lawn watering can save thousands of gallons of water annually.
    66. Avoid over-seeding your lawn with winter grass. Once established, ryegrass needs water every three to five days, whereas dormant Bermuda grass needs water only once a month.
    67. Do one thing each day that will save water. Even if savings are small, every drop counts.
    68. When the kids want to cool off, use the sprinkler in an area where your lawn needs it the most.
    69. Make sure your swimming pools, fountains, and ponds are equipped with re-circulating pumps.
    70. Bathe your young children together.
    71. Landscape with Xeriscape trees, plants and groundcovers. Call your local conservation office for more information about these water thrifty plants.
    72. Winterize outdoor spigots when temps dip to 20 degrees F to prevent pipes from bursting or freezing.
    73. Insulate hot water pipes so you don't have to run as much water to get hot water to the faucet.
    74. Wash your car on the grass. This will water your lawn at the same time.
    75. Drop that tissue in the trash instead of flushing it and save gallons every time.
    76. If you have an evaporative cooler, direct the water drain to a flowerbed, tree, or your lawn.
    77. Make suggestions to your employer to save water (and dollars) at work.
    78. Support projects that use reclaimed wastewater for irrigation and other uses.
    79. Use a hose nozzle and turn off the water while you wash your car and save more than 100 gallons.
    80. Encourage your friends and neighbors to be part of a water-conscious community.
    81. If your toilet was installed prior to 1980, place a toilet dam or bottle filled with water in your toilet tank to cut down on the amount of water used for each flush. Be sure these devices do not interfere with operating parts.
    82. Install water softening systems only when necessary. Save water and salt by running the minimum number of regenerations necessary to maintain water softness.
    83. Wash clothes only when you have a full load and save up to 600 gallons each month.
    84. Leave lower branches on trees and shrubs and allow leaf litter to accumulate on top of the soil. This keeps the soil cooler and reduces evaporation.
    85. Pick-up the phone and report significant water losses from broken pipes, open hydrants and errant sprinklers to the property owner or your water management district.
    86. Bermuda grasses are dormant (brown) in the winter and will only require water once every three to four weeks or less if it rains.
    87. Start a compost pile. Using compost when you plant adds water-holding organic matter to the soil.
    88. Use sprinklers that throw big drops of water close to the ground. Smaller drops of water and mist often evaporate before they hit the ground.
    89. Listen for dripping faucets and toilets that flush themselves. Fixing a leak can save 500 gallons each month.
    90. More plants die from over-watering than from under-watering. Be sure only to water plants when necessary.
    91. Cook food in as little water as possible. This will also retain more of the nutrients.
    92. Adjust your watering schedule to the season. Water your summer lawn every third day and your winter lawn every fifth day.
    93. Turn the water off while you shampoo and condition your hair and you can save more than 50 gallons a week.
    94. Bathe your pets outdoors in an area in need of water.
    95. Choose new water-saving appliances, like washing machines that save up to 20 gallons per load.
    96. Water only as rapidly as the soil can absorb the water.
    97. Aerate your lawn. Punch holes in your lawn about six inches apart so water will reach the roots rather than run off the surface.
    98. Select the proper size pans for cooking. Large pans require more cooking water than may be necessary.
    99. Place an empty tuna can on your lawn to catch and measure the water output of your sprinklers. For lawn watering advice, contact your local conservation office.
    100. Turn off the water while you shave and you can save more than 100 gallons a week.
    101. When you give your pet fresh water, don't throw the old water down the drain. Use it to water your trees or shrubs.
    102. If you accidentally drop ice cubes when filling your glass from the freezer, don't throw them in the sink. Drop them in a house plant instead.
    103. To save water and time, consider washing your face or brushing your teeth while in the shower.
    104. While staying in a hotel or even at home, consider reusing your towels.
    105. When backwashing your pool, consider using the water on your
    106. For hanging baskets, planters and pots, place ice cubes under the moss or dirt to give your plants a cool drink of water and help eliminate water overflow.
    107. Throw trimmings and peelings from fruits and vegetables into your yard compost to prevent from using the garbage disposal.
    108. When you have ice left in your cup from a take-out restaurant, don't throw it in the trash, dump it on a plant.
    109. Have your plumber re-route your gray water to trees and gardens rather than letting it run into the sewer line. Check with your city codes, and if it isn't allowed in your area, start a movement to get that changed.
    110. Keep a bucket in the shower to catch water as it warms up or runs. Use this water to flush toilets or water plants.
    111. Water your lawn at night to conserve water.
    When you are washing your hands, don't let the water run while you lather.
    When you swimming pool is not in use, cover it to reduce evaporation. Sprinkler rain sensor

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